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14th International Conference on Biofuels and Bioenergy, will be organized around the theme “Accelerating Advancements and Frontiers in Biofuels & Bioenergy”
Biofuels 2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Biofuels 2020
Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks.
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There are many other forms of biofuels and bioenergy such as biomass, biogas, syngas, natural gas, algae biofuels, biofuel gasoline, solid biofuels etc. First generation biofuels are produced from sugar and vegetable oil. Algae biofuels are most advanced form of biofuels that produced from algae as its source of energy-rich oils. It has a vast influence on Genetic engineering. Solid biofuels like biochar can be produced by pyrolysis of biomass. Syngas is a mixture consisting primarily of H2, CO and a little quantity of CO2.
Bioenergy is renewable energy made accessible from materials acquired from biological origin. Biomass is any organic matter which has deposited sunlight in the form of chemical energy. As a fuel it may comprise wood, straw, wood waste, sugarcane, manure, and many other by-products from different agricultural processes. In its most exclusive sense it is a synonym to biofuel, which is fuel obtained from biological sources. In its wider sense it includes biomass, the biological matter utilized as a biofuel, as well as the social, scientific, economic and technical fields related with utilizing biological sources for energy. This is a common misbelief, as bioenergy is the energy cultivated from the biomass, as the biomass is the fuel and the bioenergy is the energy stored in the fuel.
- Track 2-1Technologies in Bioenergy
- Track 2-2Bioenergy - Advances & Applications
- Track 2-3Bioenergy Conversion
- Track 2-4Bioenergy systems
- Track 2-5Biochemical conversion
Advanced biofuels are fuels that can be processed from numerous types of biomass. First generation biofuels are processed from the sugars and vegetable oils formed in arable crops, which can be smoothly extracted applying conventional technology. In comparison, advanced biofuels are made from lignocellulose biomass or woody crops, agricultural residues or waste, which makes it tougher to extract the requisite fuel. Advanced biofuel technologies have been devised because first generation biofuels manufacture has major limitations. First generation biofuel processes are convenient but restrained in most cases: there is a limit above which they cannot yield enough biofuel without forbidding food supplies and biodiversity. Many first generation biofuels rely on subsidies and are not cost competitive with prevailing fossil fuels such as oil, and some of them yield only limited greenhouse gas emissions savings. When considering emissions from production and transport, life-cycle assessment from first generation biofuels usually approach those of traditional fossil fuels. Advanced biofuels can aid resolving these complications and can impart a greater proportion of global fuel supply affordably, sustainably and with larger environmental interests.
- Track 3-1Fast pyrolysis process
- Track 3-2Thermochemical & Biochemical Routes
- Track 3-3Synthesis of advanced biofuels
- Track 3-4Lignocellulose Biomass
- Track 3-5Development of bioenergy technology
- Track 3-6Scope of Second & Third generation of Biofuels
Biogas commonly refers to a mixture of various gases formed by the disintegration of organic matter in the absence of oxygen. Biogas can be manufactured from raw matters such as agricultural waste, municipal waste, manure, plant material, green waste, and sewage or food waste. Biogas is a renewable energy source and in diverse cases exerts a limited carbon footprint. Biogas can be manufactured by fermentation of biodegradable materials or anaerobic digestion with anaerobic organisms, which disintegrates material inside an isolated system. Biogas is basically methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) and may have small traces of hydrogen sulphide (H2S), silicones and moisture. The gases methane, carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen can be combusted or oxidized with oxygen. This energy yield allows biogas to be benefitted as a fuel; it can be utilized for any heating purpose, such as cooking. It can also be practiced in a gas engine to transform the energy in the gas to electricity and heat.
- Track 4-1Biogas from algae
- Track 4-2Biogas technologies
- Track 4-3Biogas from agricultural waste
- Track 4-4New & possible substrates for biogas production
- Track 4-5Anaerobic packed-bed biogas reactors
- Track 4-6Biogas from breeding farms
- Track 4-7Large scale biogas production & challenges
Algae fuel or algal biofuel is a substitute to liquid fossil fuels that utilizes algae as its source of energy-rich oils. Also, algae fuels are a substitute to common known biofuel sources, such as corn and sugarcane. Various companies and government agencies are sponsoring efforts to reduce capital and operating costs and make algae fuel production commercially feasible. Like fossil fuel, algae fuel releases CO2 when burnt, but unlike fossil fuel, algae fuel and other biofuels only release CO2 recently withdrawn from the atmosphere via photosynthesis as the algae or plant grew. The energy crisis and the world food crisis have sparked interest in alga culture (farming algae) for making biodiesel and other biofuels utilizing land unbefitting for agriculture. Among algal fuels' attractive characteristics are that they can be cultivated with negligible impact on fresh water resources, can be generated using saline and wastewater, have a high flash point, and are biodegradable and comparatively harmless to the environment if spilled. Algae cost more per unit mass than other advanced biofuel crops due to high capital and operating costs, but are declared to generate between 10 and 100 times more fuel per unit area.
- Track 5-1Culturing Algae
- Track 5-2Harvesting and oil extraction systems
- Track 5-3Cyanobacteria biofuels production
- Track 5-4Commercialization of algae biofuels
- Track 5-5Wastewater based algae biofuels production
- Track 5-6Advances in algal biofuel production
- Track 5-7Biofuels from microalgae and Microbes
Biodiesel indicates an animal fat-based or vegetable oil diesel fuel comprising of long-chain alkyl esters. Biodiesel is customarily made by chemically reacting lipids (e.g., soybean oil, vegetable oil, animal fat) with an alcohol generating fatty acid esters. Biodiesel is suggested to be utilized in standard diesel engines and is thus well-defined from the vegetable and waste oils used to operate fuel converted diesel engines. Biodiesel can be used singly, or blended with petro diesel in any proportions. Biodiesel blends can also be utilized as heating oil.
- Track 6-1Biodiesel as automobile fuel
- Track 6-2Biodiesel to hydrogen-cell power
- Track 6-3Biodiesel production on industry level and scale up
- Track 6-4Crops for biodiesel production
- Track 6-5Impact of biodiesel on pollutant emissions and public
- Track 6-6Cost effective techniques for biodiesel production
- Track 7-1Conversion technologies
- Track 7-2Biomass and electricity
- Track 7-3Industrial waste biomass
- Track 7-4Sustainable feedstock development
- Track 7-5Perennial biomass feed stocks
- Track 7-6Integrated biomass technologies
- Track 7-7Recent developments in sustainable biomass
Biomass is the organic matter derived from plants which is generated through photosynthesis. In particular it can be referred to solar energy stored in the chemical bonds of the organic material. In addition to many benefits common to renewable energy, biomass is attractive because it is current renewable source of liquid transportation of biofuel. The Bioenergy Conference and Biofuel Conferences will optimize and enhance existing systems. However, biomass could play in responding to the nation's energy demands assuming, the economic and advances in conversion technologies will make biomass fuels and products more economically viable? The renewable energy policies in the European Union have already led to a significant progress, energy mix should further change till 2022.
- Track 8-1Biomass Resources for Bioenergy
- Track 8-2Agriculture residues
- Track 8-3Forestry materials
- Track 8-4Energy crops
Renewable energy is energy that is collected from natural sources that replenish themselves over short periods of time, renewable energy resources exist over wide geographical areas. Rapid deployment of renewable energy and energy efficiency is resulting in significant energy security, climate change mitigation, and economic benefits. While many renewable energy projects are large-scale, renewable technologies are also suited to rural and remote areas and developing countries, where energy is often crucial in human development. Electricity can be converted to heat (where necessary generating higher temperatures than fossil fuels), can be converted into mechanical energy with high efficiency and is clean at the point of consumption. In addition to that electrification with renewable energy is much more efficient and therefore leads to a significant reduction in primary energy requirements; because most renewables don't have a steam cycle with high losses (fossil power plants usually have losses of 40 to 65%). Renewable energy systems are rapidly becoming more efficient and cheaper. Their share of total energy consumption is increasing. Growth in consumption of coal and oil could end by 2020 due to increased uptake of renewables and natural gas. Renewable energy flows involve natural phenomena such as sunlight, wind, tides, plant growth, geothermal heat and biofuels and hydrogen derived from renewable resources. It would also reduce environmental pollution such as air pollution caused by burning of fossil fuels and improve public health, reduce premature mortalities due to pollution.
- Track 9-1Solar Energy
- Track 9-2Wind Energy
- Track 9-3Renewable chemicals
- Track 9-4Green Energy
- Track 9-5Green Economy
- Track 9-6Energy saving technology
- Track 9-7Environment impact
- Track 9-8Hybrid Energy Systems
Green chemistry is an area of chemistry and chemical engineering focused on the creating and designing of products and processes that minimize the use and generation of hazardous substances. It still maintains economic growth and opportunities while providing affordable products and services to a growing world population.
- Track 10-1Synthetic techniques
- Track 10-2Bio Succinic acid
- Track 10-3Bio-resources
- Track 10-4Environmental science and sustainable chemistry
- Track 10-5Sustainable energy
Several technologies for converting bioenergy are commercial today while others are being piloted or in research and development. There are four types of conversion technologies currently available, each appropriate for specific biomass types and resulting in specific energy products such as Thermal Conversion, Thermochemical conversion, Biochemical conversion, Chemical conversion. The Biomass Technologies include Liquid Biofuels from Biomass and Cellulosic Ethanol from Biomass.
- Track 11-1Latest conversion Technologies in Biomass
- Track 11-2Liquid Biofuels from Biomass
- Track 11-3Trending Research from Biomass
- Track 11-4Cellulosic Ethanol from Biomass
Biologically synthesized alcohols, most frequently ethanol, and rarely propanol and butanol, are formed by the reaction of microorganisms and enzymes through the fermentation of sugars or starches, or cellulose. Biobutanol is often asserted to provide a direct stand-in for gasoline, because it can be used precisely in a gasoline engine. Ethanol fuel is the most widely used biofuel worldwide. Alcohol fuels are formed by fermentation of sugars derived from wheat, sugar beets, corn, molasses, sugar cane and any sugar or starch from which alcoholic liquors such as whiskey, can be produced (such as potato and fruit waste). The ethanol manufacturing methods applied are enzyme digestion, distillation, fermentation of the sugars and drying. Ethanol can be used in petrol engines as a substitute for gasoline; it can be blended with gasoline to any concentration. Current car petrol engines can operate on mixes of up to 15% bioethanol along with petroleum/gasoline. Ethanol has lesser energy density than that of gasoline; this implies that it takes more fuel to generate the same amount of work. An asset of ethanol is its higher octane rating than ethanol-free gasoline accessible at roadside gas stations, which permits the rise of an engine's compression ratio for increased thermal efficiency. In high-altitude locations, some states direct a mix of gasoline and ethanol as a winter oxidizer to lower atmospheric pollution emissions.
- Track 12-1Bio alcohols as automobile fuel
- Track 12-2Bioethanol utilization
- Track 12-3Scale up on industrial level
- Track 12-4Bioethanol Production
- Track 12-5Delivering Biomass Substrates for Bioethanol Production
- Track 12-6Bioethanol Economics
- Track 12-7Sustainable Development of Bioethanol Production
- Track 12-8Production of Bioethanol
- Track 12-9Bio alcohols from algae
Bio hydrogen is described as hydrogen produced biologically, most often by algae, bacteria and archaea. Bio hydrogen is a potential biofuel attainable from both cultivation and from waste organic materials. Recently, there is a huge demand for hydrogen. There is no record of the production volume and use of hydrogen world-wide, however utilization of hydrogen was predicted to have reached 900 billion cubic meters in 2011.Refineries are large-volume producers and consumers of hydrogen. Today 96% of all hydrogen is extracted from fossil fuels, with 48% from natural gas, 30% from hydrocarbons, and 18% from coal and about 4% by electrolysis. Oil-sands processing, gas-to-liquids and coal gasification projects that are existing, require a vast amount of hydrogen and is presumed to raise the requirement notably within the next few years. Environmental regulations administered in most countries, increase the hydrogen demand at refineries for gas-line and diesel desulfurization. A significant future aspect of hydrogen could be as a replacement for fossil fuels, once the oil deposits are exhausted. This application is however dependent on the advancement of storage techniques to enable proper storage, distribution and combustion of hydrogen.
- Track 13-1Algal bio-hydrogen
- Track 13-2Bacterial bio-hydrogen
- Track 13-3Fermentative bio-hydrogen production
- Track 13-4High-yield bio-hydrogen production
- Track 13-5Enhancing bio-hydrogen production
- Track 13-6Bio-hydrogen purification
- Track 13-7Production of Hydrogen by Photosynthetic organisms
- Track 13-8Emergency of the hydrogen economy
A bio-refinery is a center that melds biomass conversion processes and equipment to manufacture fuels, power, heat, and chemicals from biomass. The bio-refinery concept is parallel to today's petroleum refinery, which makes various fuels and products from petroleum. Bio-refining is the sustainable conversion of biomass into a spectrum of bio-based products and bioenergy. By producing various products, a bio-refinery takes advantage of the various parts in biomass and their intermediates therefore maximizing the value acquired from the biomass feedstock. A bio-refinery could, for instance, manufacture one or several low-volume, but high-value, chemical or Nutriceutical products and a low-value, but high-volume liquid transportation fuel such as biodiesel. At the same time generating electricity and process heat, by combined heat and power (CHP) technology, for its own use and perhaps adequate for sale of electricity to the local utility. The high-value products boost profitability, the high-volume fuel helps meet energy needs, and the power production aids to lower energy costs and minimize greenhouse gas emissions from conventional power plant facilities. Although some facilities prevail that can be called bio-refineries, the bio-refinery has yet to be fully accomplished. Future bio-refineries may play a vital role in yielding chemicals and materials that are traditionally extracted from petroleum.
- Track 14-1Risk management issues
- Track 14-2Chemical conversion in bio-refinery
- Track 14-3Bio oil production
- Track 14-4Bio waste bio-refinery
- Track 14-5Valorisation of Bio-refinery
- Track 14-6Lignocellulose material in bio-refinery
- Track 14-7Bio-refining scheme from algal and bacterial protein sources
Food versus fuel is the plight regarding the risk of distracting farmland or crops for biofuels production to the drawback of the food supply. The biofuel and food price debate concerns wide-ranging views and is an abiding, controversial one in the literature. There is a conflict about the sense of the issue, what is creating it, and what can or should be rendered to remedy the situation. This intricacy and uncertainty is due to the wide number of concussion and criticism loops that can positively or negatively affect the price system. Furthermore, the relative strengths of these positive and negative impacts change in the short and long terms, and implicate delayed effects. The academic side of the debate is also obscured by the applicability of different economic models and competing forms of statistical analysis.
- Track 15-1Biofuels impact on food security
- Track 15-2Non-food crops for biofuels production
- Track 15-3Agricultural modernization and its impact on society
- Track 15-4Food, fuel and freeways
Aviation biofuel is a biofuel utilized for aircraft. It is reckoned by some to be the paramount means by which the aviation industry can diminish its carbon footprint. After a multi-year technical analysis from aircraft makers, engine manufacturers and oil companies, biofuels were advocated for commercial use in July 2011. Since then, some airlines have evaluated with using of biofuels on commercial flights. The limelight of the industry has now curved to advanced sustainable biofuels that do not compete with food supplies nor are major consumers of prime agricultural land or fresh water.
- Track 16-1Applications of aviation biofuels
- Track 16-2Jet biofuel
- Track 16-3Commercialization of aviation biofuels
- Track 16-4Green replacement fuels in flights
- Track 16-5Synthesis of aviation biofuel via Fischer-Tropsch process
- Track 16-6Risk analysis of aviation fuels
- Track 16-7Developing of new sources for aviation biofuels
Currently used liquid biofuels, which include ethanol produced from crops containing sugar and starch and biodiesel from oilseeds, are referred to as first-generation biofuels. These fuels only use a portion of the energy potentially available in the biomass. Various techniques are currently being developed to produce biofuels. However, it is uncertain when such technologies will enter production on a significant commercial scale. The production of Biofuels can be done from Biomass, Biodiesel from Biomass, and Biochemical from Biomass and Biogas from Biomass
- Track 17-1Production of Biofuels from Biomass
- Track 17-2Production of Biodiesel from Biomass
- Track 17-3Production of Biochemical from Biomass
- Track 17-4Production of Biogas from Biomass
- Track 17-5Energy balance of biofuel production
- Track 17-6Advances in biofuel production
- Track 17-7Syngas from Biomass
One of the major reasons for showing interest towards biofuels is to minimize the greenhouse gas and carbonyl emissions and to mitigate the climate change caused by fossil fuels. The greenhouse gases may be emitted by changes of cropland use because of increased biofuels production from one crop to another. In some cases more carbon is generated by converting a land that is used for growing biofuel feedstock to forest than the biofuel production itself. Biofuels also have a vital impact on the biodiversity and the water resources.
Due to the limitation and rapid increase in price of fossil fuels, the world research is turning towards the biofuels and bioenergy as better future fuels from the last two decades. Currently, bioenergy has become grown as the largest renewable energy resource providing 10% of world primary energy requirements. And from a recent report, it has projected that 27% of world transportation fuel can be generated from biofuels by 2050. The aim of this congress is to present the dynamics overview of the growth of biofuel over the last decade, its importance and to the possible impacts on the environment and the other aspects of Biofuels & Bio economy worldwide.